“Sometimes they say of Christ that He is the Son of God, and sometimes son of Joseph, son of David, Son of Man; sometimes he is God the Preserver and Creator, sometimes Lamb of God; sometimes He is in Allah and sometimes Allah is in Him…
He is at one time the power and knowledge of Allah and at another He is not the ruler over anyone and does not act of His own free will. Sometimes He is a prophet and servant of Allah; sometimes Allah gives Him into the power of His enemies, and sometimes Allah abdicates his sovereignty in His favor and makes him the governor; He comes to give glory to Allah, gives Peter the keys of heaven and makes His disciples authoritative in their jurisdiction in heaven and in earth.
He is sometimes hungry and seeks food, thirsty and drinks water, sweats from fear, curses a tree when He finds no figs to eat, is pusillanimous, rides on a donkey, is arrested, struck on the face and head with a stick, His skin is scratched off His face, and His back is beaten with stripes; the soldiers put Him to death, mock Him, give Him vinegar to drink mixed with aloes, and then He is crucified between two thieves, nails knocked into His hands and He died the same hour (i.e very soon) and is buried.
Though after His reappearance and meeting with His disciples, He has no concern except to ask for something to eat, they gave Him bread and broiled fish to eat and honey to drink. Then He departed from them to what concerned Him.
This is precisely what is in their Gospels; but they restricted themselves to the statement that He was God worthy of worship”
Ibn Hazm, the great Muslim
Muslim scholars discussion of the Trinity and Incarnation (al-Hulul wa al-Ittihad) take their argument into the area of doctrine which has not only proved problematic for Christians themselves but which also represents one of the essential divisions between Islam and Christianity. Abu Uthman Amru Ibn Bahr Al Jahiz (d.868 C.E), the prolific Muslim theologian who lived before Imam Ibn Hazm, made the following statement:
“If you sit with a Christian Nestorian and ask him about the Nestorian point of view of Jesus, he will accordingly give one statement and if you turn to another Nestorian who might be the brother of the one whom you asked before and you question him about his view of Christ, he will give a different answer opposite to his blood brother’s; similarly all the Melkites and the Jacobites hold different and contradictory views of the person and nature of Christ…”
A vast body of critical writing has been devoted to the concept of the Trinity and Incarnation but in this book the emphasis will be on Muslim scholars criticisms and the way in which their views reveal the Muslim viewpoint as a whole.
 Muhammad Abu Layla, 286-287
 An Eastern sect of Monophysites. They are related to “the king of Rome”. (see al-Milal wan Nihal by Imam Shahristani).
 This sect is said to follow the views of James Baradai, who was born in about 500 C.E. His teaching was completely contrary to that of Nestorius. James Baradai asserted that Jesus was not merely one person, but also possessed one nature—which was divine. He was only God, although he appears to us in the form of man. The teachings of this sect are explained in the Encyclopaedia as follows: “Those who hold the doctrine that Christ had but one composite nature..” The Jacobite Churches still exist up to today in Syria and Iraq. (Maulana Muhammad Taqi Usmani, 15))
 Muhammad Abu Layla, 287-288