C  H  R  I  S  T  I  A  N  I  T  Y 
through the lens of 
CHRISTIAN & MUSLIM SCHOLARS
Part Two

Mohd Amin Yaacob

al-Firdaus.Com

CONTENTS 

PREFACE 

CHAPTER SEVEN

The Doctrine Of The Original Sin And The Atonement 

 7.1     The Doctrine Of The Original Sin 

7.2     The Entire Human Race Are Sinners.

7.3     The Original Sin: Mother Of All Sins        

7.4     The Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5     Muslim Answers        

7.5.1   St. Paul, The First Christian Who Invented The “Doctrine of the Original Sin” 

7.5.2       Christian Scholars Themselves Criticize This Doctrine

7.5.3   The Doctrine Of The Original Sin Is Directly Responsible For The Theological Inferiority
Of Women In The Christian Church

7.5.4   The Biblical Text: Sin Does Not Transmit From One Person To Another 

7.5.5   The Bible: Not All Mankind Are Sinners 

7.5.6   God Forgive All Sins By Means Of Repentance (at-Taubah)     

7.5.7       Jesus Parable Of The Prodigal Son Rejected The Christian Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5.8       The Parable Of The Lost Sheep: A Repentant Person Is Better Than A Sinless Man      

7.5.9       The Death Of Jesus Humanity Side
Cannot Erase The Original Sin

7.5.10   Why The Betrayer Of Jesus, The One With
A Grave Sin And The One Who Had A Devil
In Him?  

CHAPTER EIGHT   

CHAPTER NINE   

CHAPTER TEN  

CHAPTER ELEVEN

EPILOGUE 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

 

 

  

7.4    The Doctrine of The Atonement

 

                   Christians believe that “nothing” that an ordinary man could do to get rid of the “Original Sin”. The only one who could wipe it out is someone who is without sin. So Jesus, the Almighty God that became Man (The Doctrine of Incarnation), “Redeem” or paid with his life for the sins of Man. He would bears the burden of sin by “suffering and dying” on the cross, so that as stated earlier, Salvation or Eternal life in the Kingdom of Heaven could be achieve by all. Paul says in his letter to the Romans:

 

“For God sent Jesus to take the punishment for our sins and to satisfy God’s anger against us. We are made right with God when we believe that Jesus shed his blood, sacrificing his life for us.” (3:25, NLT) 

 

Dr Martin Luther in his “Small Catechism” wrote:

 

“I believe that Jesus Christ, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also the man, born of the virgin Mary, is my Lord; who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned creature, and delivered me from all sins and from the power of the devil, not with silver and gold but with his holy and precious blood and with his innocent sufferings and death, in order that I may be his, live under him, and in his Kingdom and serve him in everlasting righteousness and blessedness, even as he is risen from the dead and reigns to all eternity”.[1]

 

David Craig, a respected Christian theologian and broadcaster, was head of the Multi-Faith Bureau at the BBC World Service until 1998, author of “What Christian Believe” states that:

 

“The Doctrine of Atonement claims that Jesus has borne the penalty instead of humans so that God can freely forgive sin. The sin, elsewhere called “Original Sin”, has been punished but instead of sinful humanity paying the price for its fallen state, it was Jesus, a sinless victim, who paid the price and was executed. Jesus becomes a substitute for each person. Sacrificial theories refer to Jesus as a sinless offering who makes universal expiation of the stain of sin. Atonement is seen as a victory against evil and sin personified in the devil.”[2]


 
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[1]           Armstrong, Karen, A History of God, 278

[2]           Craig, David, What Christian Believe (Oneworld Publications, Oxford England), 2000, 112