C  H  R  I  S  T  I  A  N  I  T  Y 
through the lens of 
CHRISTIAN & MUSLIM SCHOLARS
Part Two

Mohd Amin Yaacob

al-Firdaus.Com

CONTENTS 

PREFACE 

CHAPTER SEVEN

The Doctrine Of The Original Sin And The Atonement 

 7.1     The Doctrine Of The Original Sin 

7.2     The Entire Human Race Are Sinners.

7.3     The Original Sin: Mother Of All Sins        

7.4     The Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5     Muslim Answers        

7.5.1   St. Paul, The First Christian Who Invented The “Doctrine of the Original Sin” 

7.5.2       Christian Scholars Themselves Criticize This Doctrine

7.5.3   The Doctrine Of The Original Sin Is Directly Responsible For The Theological Inferiority
Of Women In The Christian Church

7.5.4   The Biblical Text: Sin Does Not Transmit From One Person To Another 

7.5.5   The Bible: Not All Mankind Are Sinners 

7.5.6   God Forgive All Sins By Means Of Repentance (at-Taubah)     

7.5.7       Jesus Parable Of The Prodigal Son Rejected The Christian Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5.8       The Parable Of The Lost Sheep: A Repentant Person Is Better Than A Sinless Man      

7.5.9       The Death Of Jesus Humanity Side
Cannot Erase The Original Sin

7.5.10   Why The Betrayer Of Jesus, The One With
A Grave Sin And The One Who Had A Devil
In Him?  

CHAPTER EIGHT   

CHAPTER NINE   

CHAPTER TEN  

CHAPTER ELEVEN

EPILOGUE 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

 

 

 

  

7.2    The Entire Human Race Are Sinners.

 

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, all men are implicated in Adam’s sin as St. Paul of Tarsus affirms.[1] In his letter to the Church in Rome – part of the collection in the New Testament[2], he says:

 

“When Adam sinned, sin entered the human race. Adam's sin brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone sinned.” (Romans 5:12, NLT)

 

“Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.” (Romans 5:14, GI)

 

Romans Chapter 3 verse 9 has:

 

“Well then, are we Jews better then others? No, not at all, for we have already shown that all people, whether Jews or Gentiles, are under the power of sin…” (NLT)

 

Romans Chapter 3 verse 10-12 says:

 

“No one is good—not even one, No one has real understanding; No one is seeking God. All have turned away from God; all have gone wrong. No one does good, not even one.” (Romans 3:10-12, NLT)

 

The original sin was thereafter transmitted to posterity, born to be born. But how did the sin of Adam become the sin of all his descendants? The Catechism of the Catholic explain:

 

“The whole human race is in Adam “as one body of one man.” By this “unity of the human race” all man are implicated in Adam’s sin, as all are implicated in Christ’s justice. Still, the transmission of original sin is a mystery that we cannot fully understand.”[3]

 

It further stresses that:

 

“It is a sin which will be transmitted by propagation to all mankind, that is, by the transmission of a human nature deprived of original holiness and justice. And that is why original sin is called “sin” only in an analogical sense: it is a sin “contracted” and not “committed” – a state and not an act”[4]

 

Based on the above Catechism of the Catholic Church, it seems that every person who is born into the world is born with sin from time of birth because the original sin of his parents is embedded in his nature.


 
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[1]           Catechism of the Catholic Church, 113

[2]           Systematic theologians have often regarded Paul’s epistle to the Romans as the most important text in the New Testament, and it has played a profoundly influential role in the history of Christian thought from St. Augustine at the turn of the fifth century, through Martin Luther and the reformers in the sixteenth century, to Karl Barth and other Protestant theologians of the twentieth century (Who Wrote The New Testament, 138)

[3]           Catechism of the Catholic Church, 114.

[4]           Catechism of the Catholic Church, 114