C  H  R  I  S  T  I  A  N  I  T  Y 
through the lens of 
CHRISTIAN & MUSLIM SCHOLARS
Part Two

Mohd Amin Yaacob

al-Firdaus.Com

CONTENTS 

PREFACE 

CHAPTER SEVEN

The Doctrine Of The Original Sin And The Atonement 

 7.1     The Doctrine Of The Original Sin 

7.2     The Entire Human Race Are Sinners.

7.3     The Original Sin: Mother Of All Sins        

7.4     The Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5     Muslim Answers        

7.5.1   St. Paul, The First Christian Who Invented The “Doctrine of the Original Sin” 

7.5.2       Christian Scholars Themselves Criticize This Doctrine

7.5.3   The Doctrine Of The Original Sin Is Directly Responsible For The Theological Inferiority
Of Women In The Christian Church

7.5.4   The Biblical Text: Sin Does Not Transmit From One Person To Another 

7.5.5   The Bible: Not All Mankind Are Sinners 

7.5.6   God Forgive All Sins By Means Of Repentance (at-Taubah)     

7.5.7       Jesus Parable Of The Prodigal Son Rejected The Christian Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5.8       The Parable Of The Lost Sheep: A Repentant Person Is Better Than A Sinless Man      

7.5.9       The Death Of Jesus Humanity Side
Cannot Erase The Original Sin

7.5.10   Why The Betrayer Of Jesus, The One With
A Grave Sin And The One Who Had A Devil
In Him?  

CHAPTER EIGHT   

CHAPTER NINE   

CHAPTER TEN  

CHAPTER ELEVEN

EPILOGUE 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

 

 

 

  

7.3    The Original Sin: Mother of All Sins

 

Christianity teaches that the Original Sin was from the viewpoint of magnitude, very serious, as it embraced many other sins with the result that it became the source or mother of sins.[1] St. Aurelius Augustine of Hippo (d.460 C.E), one of the leading Church Fathers and ‘Doctor of the Church’, who first promoted and elaborated “Paul’s Doctrine of the Original Sin” into the Christian Church[2] wrote in this regard:

 

“This one sin of man encompassed so many sins…In truth, if one reflects on the reality of any sin, he will see its reflection in this original sin.”[3]

 

This is why, in many Christian traditions, babies are baptized after birth as soon as possible for the remissions of the Original sin. The Catechism of the Catholic Church states:

 

“Following St. Paul, the Catholic Church has always taught that the overwhelming misery which oppresses men and their inclination toward evil and death cannot be understood apart from their connection with Adam’s sin and the fact that he has transmitted to us a sin with which we are all born afflicted, a sin which is the ‘death of the soul’. Because of this certainty of faith, the Church baptizes for the remission of sins even tiny infants who have not committed personal sins.”[4]       

 

According to the Preface section of The Holy Bible, New Living Translation, Because everyone is a sinner, no one deserves Eternal life with God in heaven.[5] Thus, in “Understanding the Catholic Faith” it clearly states that:

 

“On account of their sin, Adam and Eve lost sanctifying grace, the right of Heaven and their special gifts…and they were driven from the garden of Paradise…On account of the sin of Adam, we, his descendents, came into the world deprived of sanctifying grace and inherit his punishment as we would have inherited his gifts had he been obedient to God.”[6]  

 

St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 C.E), a well-known Catholic theologian, philosopher and ‘Doctor of the Church’ therefore writes:

 

“But original sin incurs everlasting punishment; since children who have died in original sin, because they have not been baptized, will never see the kingdom of God.”[7]

 

In addition, no one can work hard enough to earn this Eternal life. Paul further says in his letter to the Romans:

 

“For no one can ever be made right in God's sight by doing what his Law commands.” (3:20, NLT) 

 

Dr Martin Luther (1483-1546 C.E), the father of the Reformation said:

 

“Only believed and you will be redeemed. There is no necessity to bear the hardships of good acts like fasting, abstinence from sins, and humility of confession, be sure that without them and only for your true faith in Christ, you shall certainly get salvation equal to the salvation of Christ” [8]


 
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[1]           Maulana Taqi Usmani, What is Christianity (The Muslim World League, Makkah al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia), 1987, 19

[2]           Armstrong, Karen , A History of God (Alfred A Knopf , Inc, USA), 1993, 123. The belief that St. Augustine is the one who first preached Paul’s Doctrine of the Original Sin is supported by the Church Catechism. According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church: “The Church’s teaching on the transmission of original sin was articulated more precisely in the fifth century, especially under the impulse of St. Augustine’s reflections against Pelagianism, and in the sixteenth century, in opposition to the Protestant Reformation” (pg 114-115)

[3]           Augustine, St., Basic Writings, Volume One, edited by Whitney J. Oates (New York, 1948), 684, in Maulana Maulana Taqi Usmani, What is Christianity, 1987, 19

[4]           pg 113-114

[5]           pg ix

[6]           pg 74-75, in Maryam Jameelah, Islam Versus Ahl Kitab, 285

[7]           Aquinas, St. Thomas, Basic Writings, in Maulana Taqi Usmani, What is Christianity, 1987, 22

[8]           Maulana Rahmatullah Kairanvi, Izharul Haq, Part 4 (Taha Publishers Ltd, London, UK), 1990, 68-69