C  H  R  I  S  T  I  A  N  I  T  Y 
through the lens of 
CHRISTIAN & MUSLIM SCHOLARS
Part Two

Mohd Amin Yaacob

al-Firdaus.Com

CONTENTS 

PREFACE 

CHAPTER SEVEN

The Doctrine Of The Original Sin And The Atonement 

 7.1     The Doctrine Of The Original Sin 

7.2     The Entire Human Race Are Sinners.

7.3     The Original Sin: Mother Of All Sins        

7.4     The Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5     Muslim Answers        

7.5.1   St. Paul, The First Christian Who Invented The “Doctrine of the Original Sin” 

7.5.2       Christian Scholars Themselves Criticize This Doctrine

7.5.3   The Doctrine Of The Original Sin Is Directly Responsible For The Theological Inferiority
Of Women In The Christian Church

7.5.4   The Biblical Text: Sin Does Not Transmit From One Person To Another 

7.5.5   The Bible: Not All Mankind Are Sinners 

7.5.6   God Forgive All Sins By Means Of Repentance (at-Taubah)     

7.5.7       Jesus Parable Of The Prodigal Son Rejected The Christian Doctrine Of The Atonement

7.5.8       The Parable Of The Lost Sheep: A Repentant Person Is Better Than A Sinless Man      

7.5.9       The Death Of Jesus Humanity Side
Cannot Erase The Original Sin

7.5.10   Why The Betrayer Of Jesus, The One With
A Grave Sin And The One Who Had A Devil
In Him?  

CHAPTER EIGHT   

CHAPTER NINE   

CHAPTER TEN  

CHAPTER ELEVEN

EPILOGUE 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

 

 

 

  

CHAPTER SEVEN

 The Doctrine of The Original Sin
And The Atonement

 

“In the Holy Qur’an, God reveals to us that He not only forgave Adam and Eve for their sin but raised Adam to the status of a genuine Prophet. In the Bible, however, God does not forgive Adam and Eve and this is the basis for the dogma that every men is born in sin and can only be forgiven through baptism into the Christian faith”

 

         Maryam Jameelah,
Islam Versus Ahl Kitab: Past And Present
[1]

 

Next to the Doctrine of the Trinity (Taslis) and Incarnation (al-Hulul wa al-Ittihad) of God the Almighty in the person of Jesus Christ, one of the most acute theological differences between Christianity and Islam concerns the nature of sin.[2] Christianity teaches that the fellowship between God the Almighty and mankind is interrupted by sin (The Doctrine of the Original Sin). “The New Living Translation of the Holy Bible (NLT)” in commenting St. Paul’s letter to the Romans[3] put it thus:

 

“Some people may think that they are not too bad because they haven't committed any terrible sin, such as murder, adultery or child abuse. In fact, by comparing themselves to others who are worse, they may seem to be pretty good. But the problem is not our individual sin but our sin of nature. Every one of us is a sinner. We all fall short of God's ideal. So no matter how much better than others we may be, we still are guilty…” [4]

 

As everyone is guilty because of his or her nature of sin, thus the whole of mankind became entitled to perpetual punishment. In this regard, the only salvation for them in the Kingdom of Heaven is through Faith in the Crucifixion and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of Sin (The Doctrine of the Atonement). Pope John Paul 11 (1920 C.E.), the head of the Roman Catholic Church[5] said in his book “Crossing the Threshold of Hope”:

 

“In order to hope for salvation from God, man must stop beneath Christ’s Cross…contain within the Cross and the Resurrection is the certainty that God saves man, that He saves him through Christ, through His Cross and His Resurrection.”[6]

 

Josh McDowell, the great Protestant evangelist of our time in his “Jesus: A Biblical Defense of His Deity” says that:

 

“God has bridged the gulf which separates us from God by sending His Son, Jesus Christ, to die on the cross in our place to pay the penalty for our sins.”[7]

 

The New Living Translation of the Holy Bible (NLT):

 

“But the good news is that we can be saved from our sins. We can have eternal life by believing that Jesus died for our sins. Trust in him to save you from your sins.”[8]

 


 
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[1]           Maryam Jameelah, Islam Versus Ahl Kitab: Past and Present (Taj Company, Delhi), 1989, 284

[2]           pg 284

[3]           For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life through Christ Jesus our Lord”(6:23, NLT)

[4]           (Tyndale House Publishers, Inc, Wheaton Illinois, USA), 1997, 640

[5]           The major and the largest sect out of the 33,800 (Pauline) Christian denominations (Newsweek 4, April 2000). Irenaeus of Lyons (d. 202 C.E), one of the leading Presbyters or Church Fathers, author of “Libros Quinque Adversus Haereses” (Five Books against Heresies), in this exhaustive work of his, he maintained “that there could be only one valid Church (the Roman Catholic Church), outside which there could be no salvation. Whoever challenged this assertion, Irenaeus declared to be a heretic – to be expelled and, if possible, destroyed.” (Robert W. Mond, The New Testament in Question, 24)

[6]           John Paul 11, Pope, Crossing the Threshold of  Hope (Random House Large Print, New York), 1994,  65

[7]           McDowell, Josh, & Bart Larson, Jesus: A Biblical Defense of His Deity (Here’s Life Publishers, Singapore), 1990, at the end of the Scripture index

[8]           pg 640