Mohd Amin Yaacob
11.4 The Genealogy Of Jesus
“This is a record of the ancestors of Jesus the Messiah, a descendent of King David…Jacob was the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary. Mary was the mother of Jesus, who is called the Messiah.”(1:1-16, NLT).
The purpose of this genealogy is to show that Jesus was the son of David through Joseph, hence, a legitimate heir to the title of Messiah and Israel’s King. Christians, require Davidic descendants for their Messiah for according to the Gospel of Luke, it is necessary for the Messiah to sit on the throne of David:
“And the Lord God will give him the throne of his ancestor David. And he will reign over Israel forever, his Kingdom will never end.” (1:32-33, NLT)
But just a few verses afterwards, Matthew says differently concerning the relationship between Joseph the Carpenter and Jesus:
“Now this is how Jesus the Messiah was born. His mother, Mary was engaged to be married to Joseph. But while she was still a virgin, she became pregnant by the Holy Spirit.” (1:18, NLT)
Here Matthew states that Joseph had no relationship with Mary, which could lead to the birth of Jesus. Now, if this statement is true, Jesus couldn’t be Joseph’s son which leads to David as mentioned before but only “the son of Mary”. Thus Jesus could not inherit the Kingdom of David as was promised before.
Jesus, the son of Mary
There is no mention of Jesus Davidic descent in the Quran, although God called him in the Quran ‘Kalim’, a word from God, and al-Masih, the Messiah, a title given to him eleven times in the Quran. However, the commonest title which is given to him in the Quran is one which ascribes his parentage as human and refers to Jesus in the frequently repeated formulae, The Son of Mary ‘Ibn Maryam’ which appears 23 times. Surprisingly, It should be noted that this title also occurs in the New Testament even though only once, which is in the Gospel of Mark 6:3:
“He’s just the carpenter, the son of Mary…” (NLT)
“Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary…” (GI)
The above quoted verse in Mark has additional interest because it describes Jesus as Mary’s son, a definition in perfect accordance with the Holy Quran. In this context the Muslim position that if Jesus is to be ascribed to any human agent, it must be to his mother Mary; thus the whole debate about Davidic descent through Joseph is a fundamental error of Christianity.
 Muhammad Abu Layla, 191-194 (adapted in part)